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OT爸爸的陪玩攻略

OT爸爸的陪玩攻略 by inParents

嬰兒發展不落後的陪玩攻略

對新手父母而言:『寶寶發展手冊』中的『發展檢核表』就像是每個月去打預防針時醫生會出的考題:孩子的眼神會跟著你的手指移動了嗎?會用手握住東西嗎?每當面對這些問題,總是不自覺得緊張起來,而疑神疑鬼地擔憂孩子的發展是否過於遲緩…

爸嗎請放心,日常生活中其實就可以透過一些玩具跟寶貝互動,陪玩不再沒梗,同時可以玩出『符合階段發展的能力』。讓我們跟著專業職能治療師爸嗎,一起度過珍貴的親子時光吧!

打預防針都要勾的發展檢核表,真的很重要?

非常重要!一定要留意孩子是否跟上發展進度!

許多能力都像蓋房子一樣,是層層堆疊起來的。現在落後,就會造成下一階段的能力更難達成。因為這個表是平均值,所以在某幾個項目稍微落後沒有關係。但如果超過「警訊時程」的話,就必須留意了。

這邊鬍鬚張老師 幫各位家長製作了一份「兒童健康手冊對照表 – 幼兒發展陪玩攻略」,方便家長在 1個月~1歲半期間的各個時期,都能注意到發展需求並且挑選合適能幫助發展的玩具!

職能治療師 「兒童健康手冊對照表 – 幼兒發展陪玩攻略」預覽圖
下載陪玩攻略 官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

《活動優惠中》

陪玩秘招

怎麼幫孩子達到發展里程碑的每個階段?

快到各階段前要預習題目,從日常幫孩子練習!

事前預習題目,就像考試都要先寫考古題

刺激不足,各種感覺輸入太少,沒有機會練習,都是寶寶生理、心理發展上無形的阻力。有許多我們在家中,就可以從陪玩、從日常的機會中,提供各種的學習情境。這邊利用用擴充性十足的美國瑪莉莎 Melissa & Doug 啟蒙玩具,介紹 4 個針對 10~27 個月寶寶所設計的陪玩示範!

木質滑道玩具是德國幼兒園最常見的玩具,而安全的滑道玩具,讓寶貝在反覆的滾輪遊戲中,培養手眼協調體會重力的效果,同時鍛鍊寶寶視覺追尋的能力。

迷你坡道賽車場

車子過彎道會翻轉,並發出聲音回饋,吸引孩子訓練追視及手眼協調。

10 ~ 16 個月

這時期的孩子能…

可以用手指著向下跑的車子,引導孩子去注意車子的左右變換方向。等孩子熟悉車子的跑動後,讓他試著在出口處抓住車子。

16 ~ 21 個月

這時期的孩子能…

可以讓孩子嘗試看看,除了車子以外,還有什麼其他的東西如果放進去的話,也可以一樣跑完全程,並發出聲音。

21 ~ 27 個月

這時期的孩子能…

可以讓孩子嘗試在中途就把車子停下來。與孩子一起試著加長軌道,想辦法讓車子從別的東西搭出的軌道開入賽車場。

聽聽 OT「鬍鬚張老師」的推薦

聽聽「職能治療師」的推薦

官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

『顏色和形狀配對』,是生活中最基本的認知和生活技能,而安全的配對玩具,就是讓寶貝在反覆的練習中,培養手眼協調及小肌肉發展。不同顏色的積木,刺激寶寶的視知覺發育,為未來的學習能力打下基礎!

狗狗肚子餓
顏色形狀配對組

轉動狗鼻子,可以切換形狀,再投入原木形狀積木,讓形狀配對遊戲更多變化與挑戰。

10 ~ 16 個月

這時期的孩子能試著把積木放入洞中,但不一定有辦法掌握正確的角度。

可以配孩子先轉到圓形、三角形為主。可能也要先帶著小孩的手去放,讓他有一些成功的經驗。一開始先當一般積木疊也可以。

16 ~ 21 個月

這時期的孩子能...

可以讓孩子從積木中,去找到正確的形狀;或是讓他自己去旋轉切換,想辦法找到正確的洞。

21 ~ 27 個月

這時期的孩子能...

可以配孩子假裝餵小狗吃東西,說狗狗今天餓了,想吃某個顏色或形狀,讓小孩去完成。

聽聽 OT「鬍鬚張老師」的推薦

聽聽「職能治療師」的推薦

官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

學步時期是寶寶發展階段當中,肢體活動量最大的時期,安全的拖車玩具,讓寶貝在拖拉車子當中,培養粗動作發展及平衡感,加上玩具滾輪也是音樂木琴,更加刺激大腦發展,引發寶寶走路的興趣。

彩虹音樂滾輪
拉繩拖車

立體滾輪+木琴 ,滾動會有聲音及色彩回饋。可獨立玩,也可以和拖車組合。

10 ~ 16 個月

這時期的孩子還不會走路,或剛開始學站。

可以這樣陪玩...

16 ~ 21 個月

這時期的孩子可以走得不錯了,需要多一些小挑戰。

可以這樣陪玩...

21 ~ 27 個月

這時期的孩子可以自主推出滾輪。

可以配孩子一起疊起幾塊積木,或擺好空保特瓶,來玩滾保齡球。

聽聽 OT「鬍鬚張老師」的推薦

聽聽「職能治療師」的推薦

官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

『拿取及放置』是生活中最常做的動作,而安全的堆疊玩具,就是在反覆培養小肌肉發展及手眼協調,加上沒有規則限制,更能激發想像力與創造力!

搖擺大象疊疊樂

可以左右搖擺及旋轉的底座,配上可以任意調換順序方向的原木套圈。

10 ~ 16 個月

這時期的孩子能...

可以讓孩子拿木片套圈,套到底座上。一開始可以先幫忙穩定底座,增加成功的經驗。

16 ~ 21 個月

這時期的孩子可以走得不錯了,需要多一些小挑戰。

可以安排動線,一次拿一片過去插。甚至在動線中安排一些簡單的障礙物,讓孩子需要踏過、爬過去。

21 ~ 27 個月

這時期的孩子能...

可以這樣陪玩...

官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

玩不膩

玩具常玩幾次就不玩了,好浪費怎麼辦?

許多人玩具都是丟給孩子自己玩,當然一下就膩了

應該帶著孩子,一起玩每個玩具! 鬍鬚張老師

破解招式一

順勢而為

你可以先觀察孩子怎麼開始玩,先別設限,讓孩子帶著你先『亂玩』,探索玩具的可能性。再順著孩子的玩法,做一點變化看看。

破解招式

武功秘笈

可以花一點時間瀏覽玩具的說明書,了解玩具可以玩的不同面向,帶著孩子玩不同玩法。而帶著玩的前提是,自己也要樂在其中,才會影響孩子樂在其中!

破解招式

兼容並蓄

基本玩法熟練後,你可以自己和孩子創造新的玩法。創造力常常來自生活中!像是搭配其他玩具,或者搭配繪本,生活作息等等。

官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

學什麼

陪玩後,孩子到底有沒有學到新東西?

既然語言能力還不夠,那就用非語言的方式…

試試非語言的方式,還要有些等待的耐心。 鬍鬚張老師

破解招式

乾坤挪移

重新改變順序或方向,看孩子是否也能玩的起來。如果一樣玩得出來,就表示已經學會了。如果沒有辦法,就先不要改變那麼多,用比較接近本來的方式再多玩幾次。

破解招式

舉一反三

將玩具訓練的能力應用在生活其他地方,看孩子的反應。比如說,在浴室玩倒水的遊戲,就可以看看孩子拿水杯的動作有沒有更順暢。

破解招式

逐步累積

學習是一個累積的過程,不用太過著急。想要讓孩子學一次就會,就像蓋一個磚就想看到一間房一樣。多練習個幾天後再試試看,看有沒有比較熟練,或速度變得比較快。



親子時光

和小孩陪玩好沒成就感,不會表達又沒規矩

在這個階段,其實是在營造一個『正向的親子關係』

正向的親子關係,重點是在「陪伴」。 鬍鬚張老師

破解招式

放下執著

一歲上下的孩子專注力只有3~5分鐘,玩一個丟一個很正常。所以不需執著要玩多久,你可以跟著他的視角觀察,看他又發現了什麼。重點是在旁邊陪他,而不是一直教他。

破解招式

旁敲側擊

當孩子不想照該有的玩法玩,一直執著自己的玩法時,你就在旁邊用你的方式玩。至於他有沒有看到、或學起來,就不用太在意了。只要你也玩得很開心,總有一天他會發現的。

破解招式

適時離開

如果真的陪到很煩的話,可以在確保孩子安全的前提下,先離開一下現場。轉換情境後,更容易讓自己的情緒調整回來,再繼續回來陪孩子。

官網購買啟蒙教具 經銷據點列表

《活動優惠中》


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